Characteristics of a Linguist 

We believe that children who excel in Languages have these essential characteristics:

• The confidence to speak with good intonation and pronunciation.
• Fluency in reading.
• Fluency and imagination in writing.
• A strong awareness of the culture of the countries where the language is spoken.
• A passion for languages and a commitment to the subject.
• The ability to use language creatively and spontaneously.
• An independence in their studies and the ability to draw upon a wide range of resources.



In order to excel in Languages, we believe that children throughout our school must achieve the following learning objectives:

•    To read fluently 
•    To write imaginatively 
•    To speak confidently 
•    To understand the culture of the countries in which the language is spoken

Specifically, the children should master the skills below:


Learning Objectives

Key Stage 1

Milestone 1

Lower Key Stage 2

Milestone 2

Upper Key Stage 2

Milestone 3

To read fluently

Milestone 1 (optional)

• Read out loud everyday words and phrases.

• Use phonic (or logographic in Mandarin) knowledge to read words.

• Read and understand short written phrases.

• Read out loud familiar words and phrases.

• Use books or glossaries to find out the meanings of new words. 

• Read and understand the main points in short written texts.

• Read short texts independently.

• Use a translation dictionary or glossary to look up new words.

• Read and understand the main points and some of the detail in short written texts.

• Use the context of a sentence or a translation dictionary to work out the meaning of unfamiliar words.

• Read and understand the main points and opinions in written texts from various contexts, including present, past or future events. 

• Show confidence in reading aloud, and in using reference materials.

To write imaginatively

• Write or copy everyday words correctly.

• Label items and choose appropriate words to complete short sentences.

• Write one or two short sentences.

• Write short phrases used in everyday conversations correctly.

• Write a few short sentences using familiar expressions.

• Express personal experiences and responses.

• Write short phrases from memory with spelling that is readily understandable.

• Write short texts on familiar topics.

• Use knowledge of grammar (or pitch in Mandarin) 

to enhance or change the meaning of phrases. 

• Use dictionaries or glossaries to check words.

• Refer to recent experiences or future plans, as well as to everyday activities. 

• Include imaginative and adventurous word choices.

• Convey meaning (although there may be some mistakes, the meaning can be understood with little or no difficulty).

• Use dictionaries or glossaries to check words.

To speak confidently

• Understand a range of spoken phrases.

• Understand standard language (sometimes asking for words or phrases to be repeated).

• Answer simple questions and give basic information.

• Give responses to questions about everyday events.

• Pronounce words showing a knowledge of sound (or pitch in Mandarin) patterns.

• Understand the main points from spoken passages.

• Ask others to repeat words or phrases if necessary.

• Ask and answer simple questions and talk about interests.

• Take part in discussions and tasks.

• Demonstrate a growing vocabulary.

• Understand the main points and opinions in spoken passages.

• Give a short prepared talk that includes opinions.

• Take part in conversations to seek and give information.

• Refer to recent experiences or future plans, everyday activities and interests. 

• Vary language and produce extended responses.

• Be understood with little or no difficulty.

To understand the culture of the countries in which the language is spoken

• Identify countries and communities where the language is spoken.

• Demonstrate some knowledge and understanding of the customs and features of the countries or communities where the language is spoken.

• Show awareness of the social conventions when speaking to someone.

• Describe with some interesting details some aspects of countries or communities where the language is spoken.

• Make comparisons between life in countries or communities where the language is spoken and this country. 

• Give detailed accounts of the customs, history and culture of the countries and communities where the language is spoken.

• Describe, with interesting detail, some similarities and differences between countries and communities where the language is spoken and this country.


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